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Once one chooses to ignore market values and to account for loans on the basis of “amortized cost” as the IASB has “tentatively” concluded and the FASB may now be starting to question once again the inevitable and ineffable question then becomes how and when to canada goose outlet phone number recognize losses on bad loans. Let examine the alternatives.
The current rules constitute what is known as the loss model. is the American Bankers Association, and canada goose jacket outlet store that should be sufficient to put it to bed.
The proposed rules are based on the loss model. Europeans have taken up its cause, but with apologies to the French and Yogi Berra, it is nothing more http://www.mycanadagoosejacket.org than dj vu canada goose outlet winnipeg address all over again. It means that bankers and other financial statement issuers will be required to predict future losses over the lives of loans even in the absence of evidence that a loss has incurred.
Canada Goose Outlet As Denny Beresford, former FASB chair once explained in an email to the, one of the important reasons the FASB issued SFAS No. 5, Contingencies, way back in canada goose outlet black friday 1975 was to eliminate the practice of accruing “catastrophe losses” in advance of the catastrophe itself. Loans and casualty losses are not the same, but the principle is; and setting aside that principle for loans would not improve the quality of accounting canada goose outlet uk sale reports from banks any more than that jar reserve accounting was contributing to high quality financial statements from insurance companies before canada goose jacket outlet the practice was abolished. Canada Goose Outlet
canada goose black friday sale Thus, canada goose outlet online uk it warmed the cockles of my heart to read that the FASB and IASB were falling out over the expected loss model. canada goose black friday sale
Canada Goose Parka Leslie Seidman, the chairwoman of the American board, told a joint meeting of the two boards that bank regulators and others had voiced concern canada goose outlet store quebec about the rules and that she wanted more time to work out guidance and details. Canada Goose Parka
is deeply embarrassing, responded Hans Hoogervorst, the chairman of the international board, which was meeting in London and was linked by videoconference to the American board meeting in Norwalk, Conn. He said he feared whole thing is going to unravel after three years of extensive effort.” [bold italics supplied]
buy canada goose jacket I hate to be such a spoilsport, but I really hope it does unravel. Very simply, the expected loss model is an even worse solution to the loan accounting problem than the incurred loss model. buy canada goose jacket
canada goose coats Auditing Loan Loss Reserves is a Bigger Problem than Measuring Them canada goose coats
But, the reason I am writing this post is to point out an even bigger problem than canada goose premium outlet the loan accounting rules themselves. The problem I am referring to is that neither mode for measuring loan loss reserves is auditable. Moreover, the problem extends beyond the well publicized findings of PCAOB inspectors: that many audit firms are incapable of consistently canada goose outlet nyc following their own audit canada goose outlet uk programs (see poster children McGladrey, Crowe Horwath and Deloitte).
canada goose coats on sale The mother of all loan loss accounting problems is that, even when auditors do check all of the boxes in their audit programs, they cannot be relied on to make consistent audit judgments. canada goose coats on sale
Canada Goose sale For example, among the embarrassments to come out of the Greek bond accounting debacle, was the revelation that PwC audited three major financial institutions in Europe that held identical Greek bonds and purported to account for them the same way. Somehow, PwC canada goose outlet new york city found a way to conclude that a 51% haircut was reasonable for one client, but a 21% haircut on the exact same bonds was reasonable for another client. Please. Canada Goose sale
Canada Goose online The root of the auditability problem is that management has extremely broad discretion in canada goose outlet niagara falls measuring the amount of impairment, and that auditors are reluctant to challenge those judgments especially if the client is a too big to argue with bank. Making matters even more dismal, there is no accounting requirement to refer to current market prices, or even a specific methodology for estimating future defaults. The reality is that so long as an auditor does not object, management can pick pretty much any number it wants. So it does. Canada Goose online
Canada Goose Jackets Market Value Alone canada goose outlet mall is Not the Answer Canada Goose Jackets
canada goose clearance By now, and especially if you are a regular reader of this blog, you are probably thinking that I am going to state that estimated market values can be the only reasonable approach to measuring loans on the balance sheet. Actually not quite. canada goose clearance
In theory at least, estimates of a loan (or a pool of loans market should be more “auditable” and “reliable” than loan loss reserves measurements, because an auditor could compare estimated market values to actual market values of traded assets that have similar characteristics. But, my confidence in that theory applicability to practice was tempered by an observation from Hossein Nouri, when I floated this idea on the AECM listserv. For example, for mortgage loans, the banks have hundreds of thousands of loans, if not millions, in different states at different locations. Even within the same city, from one location to another location prices change drastically. In addition, each property has its canada goose outlet legit own criteria, which makes it different canada goose outlet ontario from the other properties in the same neighborhood. In canada goose outlet sum, there is no easily market value for these properties to come at the fair market value.” [italics supplied]
buy canada goose jacket cheap I agree with Hossein that estimates of value are difficult, but it is hard for me to see that they should be more difficult or less accurate than estimates of loan loss reserves. I see the fundamental problem to go beyond the degree of subjectivity canada goose uk in making estimates, to whom is making them. We need to get beyond the simplistic idea that financial statements should be prepared by management; that like a student grading herself. buy canada goose jacket cheap
It is time to abandon any notion that management can provide unbiased estimates of value and/or future cash flows, and that auditors are equipped to produce independent and knowledgeable assessments of management self interested estimates. The auditor role in loan accounting should be limited canada goose outlet online to:
canadian goose jacket Verification of the components of financial statements that can be verified (such as contractual amounts and existence). canadian goose jacket
canada goose clearance sale Verification of the qualifications of third party experts charged with estimating market values; and that those canada goose outlet michigan experts have performed the procedures they said they were performed. canada goose clearance sale
canada goose store Loan accounting may well prove to be the demise of IASB and FASB convergence. But whatever the outcome of this project, convergence should take a back seat at the SEC to achieving greater harmonization between accounting and auditing canada goose store.